Genetically Modified Food: Pros and Cons

Photo by: Bigstockphoto
Photo by: Bigstockphoto

There have been many debates as to whether or not GMOs (also known as Genetically Modified Foods) is good for us. To many people, GMO is a great idea because it allows the normal crops to be able to withstand pests and droughts which can lead to more food productions. On the other hand, there are those that think that GMOs pose great danger to our health. This may mean that GMOs can cause allergic reactions that are fatal as well as damage to the intestines along with the cell structures in our body. They also believe that these can cause abnormal growth of tumors as well as unexpected deaths. So what do you think about this idea? Do you think we can survive on eating these genetically enhanced foods? To know whether or not this is a good idea, here are the pros and cons of GMOs.


It has better taste and quality

Since they are genetically enhanced, it is easy to manipulate the flavors of these foods. They can become sweeter, spicier, and over all palatable for us to consume.

They come with more nutrition

Adding more vitamins and minerals through genetic modification is possible. This gives the food more nutritional value compared to those that are not modified. Along with this, they can also be helpful in countries that do not always get the resources they need.

GMOs are more resistant to diseases

This means that they cannot easily wither or die due to diseases as they are designed to resist them. Basically, the idea behind this is like creating a vaccine for plants and animals that makes them more resistant to deadly diseases. They are designed to have better immune system.

They protect the environment

Since they require fewer chemicals, tools and time, these genetically modified foods can help in reducing the soil erosions and greenhouse gas emissions. They also reduce pollution since they do not use many chemicals to grow. These can also improve the health of the surrounding environment of farms which can contribute to better air and water supplies.


Theirs is no real economic value

According to reports, GMOs take a while to mature. The efforts to grow them is also longer than the usual which means there’s no real value in them compared to foods that are grown normally.

Allergic reactions may develop

Studies show that genetically enhanced foods may cause an increased risked of developing allergies. This is bad news for those who are already allergic to certain foods and to those who do not have allergies yet.

A resistance to antibiotics

Since these plants and animals are grown to be immune to diseases and viruses, there is a chance that people who eat them may also be resistance to antibiotics. It can also lead to a decrease in the effectiveness of antibiotics all over the world.

There is gene transfer

This means that GMOs can transfer modified genes that could escape into the wild. This could lead to the creation of new super-organisms which can drive other species of plants and animals into extinction.


It is important that we know the pros and cons of GMOs. It could save lives in the future just as long as the advantages are more than its cons. The debate on this is still on-going and the people who are behind GMO must prove that the advantages are more important than its disadvantages. This way we can know for sure if these genetically modified foods are indeed right for us.

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