Perioral dermatitis – also known as periorificial dermatitis – is a skin disease characterized by multiple inflamed papules or bumps around the nose, mouth, and eyes. The affected area features rosacea-like eruptions with or without symptoms associated with mild eczematous dermatitis. Perioral dermatitis is common among women age 20 to 45. In fact, 90% of cases related to perioral dermatitis occur in young women. This condition is also common among children.
Symptoms of Perioral Dermatitis
The most common sign of perioral dermatitis is a rash-like patch around the mouth or in the folds around the nose. The rash is comprised of very tiny and inflamed bumps. In some cases, the bumps are filled with pus. The rash also spreads to other parts of the face including the forehead and chin.
Causes of Perioral Dermatitis
Perioral dermatitis has no known cause. But some experts believe using topical steroids to treat other conditions could trigger a perioral dermatitis flare-up. Some studies found that cosmetic or skin care products could also cause perioral dermatitis. For instance, emollient creams that contain petroleum or paraffin could cause perioral dermatitis or worsen its symptoms. Other possible factors that increase the risk of perioral dermatitis include fungal or bacterial infection, oral contraceptive use and sunscreen chemicals.
Diagnosing Perioral Dermatitis
There are two ways to diagnose perioral dermatitis. One is a visual examination conducted by a physician or dermatologist. The other is going through a skin culture test to rule out other infections. Your doctor will use a swab to rub the affected area. The specimen will be analyzed through a microscope. It will be tested for fungal or bacterial infection too.
Treating Perioral Dermatitis
There are many ways to treat perioral dermatitis. One is to eliminate all possible skin irritants. Use mild soaps instead of emollient bath soaps. Stop using heavy creams and toothpaste formulated with fluoride. You can also treat this condition using topical or oral antibiotics. Certain types of acne medication and immunosuppressive creams work to soothe the symptoms. If you’re using nasal or topical steroids to treat other conditions, stop. Such drugs would worsen the symptoms.
Natural Remedies for Perioral Dermatitis
One way to bring down swelling and ease pain is to apply natural yogurt on the affected area. Do this twice per day. The yogurt acts as a cooling mask that prevents itching and irritation. Apart from yogurt, you can also use green tea and vinegar.
Mix a tablespoon of green tea and a small amount of vinegar in a clean container. Gently dab the solution on the affected area. Do this thrice per week to alleviate perioral dermatitis symptoms. Vinegar and green tea contain natural compounds that fight inflammation and prevent infection.
Virgin coconut oil is another all natural remedy against perioral dermatitis. Coconut oil contains lauric acid. This compound kills bacteria and viruses. The hydrating properties of virgin coconut oil also help ease swelling and dryness.
To prevent another flare-up, adopt a gluten-free diet. Eliminate processed foods and foods rich in gluten from your diet. These foods include whole grains and dairy products. Gluten is a protein composite found in wheat, barley, and rye. This compound gums up the system and causes skin rashes.