A cataract is an eye condition that affects the internal lenses of the eyes. It occurs when proteins in the lens become milky white. It blocks light from entering the lens. As new lens cells form, the older cells compacting into the center of the lens. This leads to decreased and/or blurry vision, and light sensitivity. When left untreated, cataracts could lead to blindness.
There are many factors that could increase the chances of developing this condition. Aging, genetic makeup, certain diseases and environmental factors may increase the risk of cataracts. Trauma, injuries, and certain drugs could also lead to this condition.
Although this is a treatable condition, there are ways to prevent cataracts from developing. In today’s post, we are listing down practical ways to avoid this condition:
Live a Healthy Lifestyle
A healthy lifestyle is one way to keep the eyes healthy. Research shows that smoking increases the risk of developing cataracts. Alcohol consumption also affects vision, leading to eye disorders. Quitting smoking and minimizing your consumption of alcohol will improve your chances of avoiding cataracts later in life.
Eat Nutritious Foods
Diabetics are at a greater risk for developing cataracts. That’s why it’s important to stabilize the blood sugar level to keep the eyes healthy. We recommend eating foods high in beta-carotene, selenium and vitamin C and E. Always choose organic, whole foods. Minimize your consumption of junk foods, fast foods, and sweets. Stick to a diet rich in vegetables, low glycemic fruits, and grains. All these foods will keep the blood sugar level within normal range.
Protect the Eyes
You keep slathering sunblock on your face/body to protect the skin from the sun, but how do you keep your eyes away from UV rays? Just like the skin, the eyes are extremely sensitive to UV rays. Ultraviolet rays will break down eye tissues, leading to eye diseases. Even young people are just as vulnerable to cataracts as aging individuals. So always keep your eyes protected, use sunglasses that offer UVA/UVB protection.
Check the Eyes
Having your eyes checked regularly will cut the risk of cataracts significantly. So make it a point to keep your yearly eye exam! Your eye doctor can check for signs of eye diseases including macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataracts. Early detection could save your vision!
Take Vitamin Supplements
A good diet is key towards better vision, but it won’t hurt to boost nutrition. Take vitamin supplements regularly. Choose supplements that offer high levels of antioxidants. Antioxidants will reduce the chances of developing cataract by up to 27%! Choose supplements with high levels of vitamin A, C, and E. These nutrients will protect the eyes from free radical damage. The recommended dosage for vitamin A is 5,000 IU and 2,500 mg. for vitamin C.
Finally, take lutein and zeaxanthin supplements too. A 2008 research found that aging women who took high levels of lutein and zeaxanthin daily were a third less likely to develop this condition. The ideal everyday dosage for lutein is 15 to 30 mg and 2 mg. for zeaxanthin.