Infertility is a disorder caused by a malfunctioning male or female reproductive system. According to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or CDC, one in eight couples has trouble conceiving. In 2014, the number of patients receiving IVF treatment increased by 14%. Infertility is a global issue and it affects men and women. If you’re trying to increase your chances of conceiving, read our guide to avoiding infertility among men and women:
Causes of Infertility in Women
Drinking alcohol, taking recreational drugs and smoking is the main causes of infertility in women. Alcohol and drugs increase the risk of disrupted ovulation and endometriosis. Smoking causes damage to the cervix, fallopian tubes and drain a woman’s egg supply. Worse, heavy smoking could lead to early menopause due to aged ovaries. Women who smoke are also more likely to experience miscarriages.
To get pregnant, you must be within the normal range of weight. Women who suffer eating disorders tend to suffer from disrupted ovulation as well. This leads to difficulty in conceiving and even infertility. Women who are overweight or obese tend to suffer from irregular menstruation or total absence of periods. This too, could cause fertility issues.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Some types of sexually transmitted diseases or STDs could lead to pelvic inflammatory disease or PID. PID is one of the most common causes of infertility in women. So always practice safe sex especially if you have several sexual partners.
Causes of Infertility in Men
Men are just as vulnerable to infertility caused by substance abuse as women are. Smoking cigarettes or marijuana could lower sperm count, affect sperm motility and even cause sexual disorders. Even secondhand exposure to cigarette smoke could cause fertility issues in men. Steroids could lead to testicular atrophy. This condition could lead to sterility.
Sexually Transmitted Disease
Men who suffer from Chlamydia and gonorrhea have higher chances of being infertile. These STDs cause scarring in the sperm passage. This leads to sterility. Stay in a monogamous relationship to prevent STD or practice safe sex.
Environmental Factors and Climate
Certain types of pesticides, chemicals, and environmental toxins could lead to male infertility. The testicles are particularly sensitive to changing temperatures. Certain types of chemicals could decrease sperm production. Also, being exposed to constantly humid climate can affect sperm count and motility.
How to Increase Fertility in Both Men and Women
Maintain Normal Weight
It’s critical to maintain normal weight to prevent infertility – especially in women. Your weight can affect your reproductive system. If you’re overweight or underweight, the body is not able to function properly. This leads to all sorts of problems including sterility.
Vitamins and Minerals
Certain types of vitamins and minerals are scientifically proven to increase fertility. These nutrients include folic acid; zinc, selenium, omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E. Vitamin C, L-argentine, and beta-carotene could also increase the chances of conceiving!
Stress is one of the reasons why couples have trouble conceiving. High levels of stress hormones in the body affect the reproductive system. Look for ways to overcome stress. We recommend exercising, getting a massage or performing yoga with your partner to minimize stress and establish a stronger bond.